Emdebian Grip 1.0
Preparing a USB stick for Debian
Emdebian uses a debconf preconfiguration file called preseed.cfg which is available at http://www.emdebian.org/d-i/lenny/preseed.cfg to ease installation using standard Debian installer images. However, late changes in the installer have complicated things.
Pre-seeding only works on the command line in the final versions of
the Debian 5.0
If possible, use an earlier installer daily-build from before the final release which includes a development version of auto-install which prompts for the pre-seeding location instead of needing command-line editing and the installation completes cleanly.
To use the official images, follow the instructions for Debian which will erase all data on the chosen USB stick:
Unmount the USB stick if it has been automounted. Use the device node, not the partition, so /dev/sdb, not /dev/sdb1.
# zcat /path/to/boot.img.gz> /dev/sdz
Before mounting, unplug the USB stick and reinsert it.
Copy the ISO image onto the mounted USB stick.
cp debian-500-i386-netinst.iso /media/Debian\ Inst/
The USB stick hd-media will install a lot of Debian packages before looking for the Emdebian packages and spend time downloading the replacement packages. However, the net-installer appears to have problems with the pre-seeding. Any volunteers willing to rebuild the net-installer images to contain the Emdebian packages are more than welcome to do so. (Remember to include the pre-seeding support).
There is also a change within the official 5.0 installer that prevents the Emdebian Grip packages being installed cleanly.
The sequence of packages that are installed in the official release requires coreutils to be installed before sed or gcc-4.3-base which defeats the measures taken to get grip-config into place. (The new sequence appears alphabetical instead of a fixed sequence.)
Steps to fix:
Execute a shell inside d-i, after the failure.
~ # chroot /target/ sh-3.2# wget http://www.emdebian.org/d-i/grip-config.deb sh-3.2# dpkg --unpack grip-config.deb sh-3.2# exit ~ # exit
Official Debian 5.0 installer
Boot from the USB stick. From the Debian Installer menu, select Advanced Options and move the cursor to either Automated Install or Graphical automated install but do not hit ENTER. Press TAB to configure the automated install configuration. A command line is now offered - keep everything that is already specified and add:
Note that if you delete characters on the command line, the existing command line may repeat for each deletion. Now hit ENTER.
The real issue will be fixed in Emdebian Grip 1.0.1, the interim release due for release alongside the first update to Debian.
Other installation methods.
daily builds and auto-install (> 1.3)
From the Debian Installer menu, select Advanced and select Automated Install - hit ENTER to boot the installer. After setting up the network, the installer will prompt for the preconfiguration file - enter:
The rest of the installer proceeds as normal, with prompts.
debootstrap can be used to generate a chroot which can be compressed and used in other installation methods.
$ mkdir grip/ $ sudo debootstrap lenny grip/ http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ $ cd grip/ $ sudo tar -czf ../emdeban-grip-debootstrap.tgz . $ cd ../ $ sudo rm -rf ./grip/
To add extra packages for specific machines, use --include=
$package1,$package2 etc. after the --foreign
$ mkdir grip/ $ sudo debootstrap --arch=arm --foreign lenny grip/ http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ $ cd grip/ $ sudo tar -czf ../emdebian-grip-arm-debootstrap.tgz . $ cd ../ $ sudo rm -rf ./grip/
Emdebian Grip repositories
Emdebian Grip target package repository.
deb http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ sid main deb-src http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ sid main
deb http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ squeeze main deb-src http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ squeeze main
deb http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ lenny main deb-src http://www.emdebian.org/grip/ lenny main
Eventual aims for Emdebian Grip 2.0
- Native or cross-build, as appropriate.
- Support for compilers and build tools, including interpreted languages.
- No functional changes within libraries. This means not changing the options to ./configure in debian/rules.
- Extending the upcoming TDeb support in Debian to the existing Emdebian TDeb support.
- Use of "nodocs" support in DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS and extending support for "nodocs" within discussions around DEB_VENDOR as well as in the limited Emdebian package set.
- Less pressure on ultimate installation sizes and package sizes. Devices running Emdebian Grip will need less space than Debian Squeeze but will need more space (including temporary space) than Emdebian Crush. To use the compilation support, devices will need considerably more space and RAM than a device running Emdebian Crush.
Back to the Emdebian Project homepage.